Pygmy Rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarus); Photo by Justin Elden
Pitvipers are represented by 22 different genera across North America, Mesoamerica, South America, and Asia. The most diverse genera include the lanceheads (genus Bothrops), the rattlesnakes (genus Crotalus), the Asian moccasins (genus Gloydius), and the Bamboo pitvipers (genus Trimeresurus). Pitvipers are incredible diverse in their ecologies and habitat, as the photos below illustrate.
MORE INFO ON THE STATUS OF VIPERS ?
The IUCN Red List is a critical indicator of the health of the world’s biodiversity. Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive. It provides information about range, population size, habitat and ecology, use and/or trade, threats, and conservation actions that will help inform necessary conservation decisions.